When it comes to roads, bridges, and new buildings, civil engineers are involved in the beginning stages of such projects. Their profession encompasses many different engineering functions, such as structural, transportation, and environmental engineering.
Even the smallest residential and commercial projects sometimes need civil engineering services. From preventing flood damage to your property to ensuring adequate sanitation procedures, civil engineers fulfill important functions.
What Is a Civil Engineer?
Civil engineers are highly trained professionals who design public works projects and other construction projects and supervise their implementation. They work in the private sector as well as in government. Their work is evident in the infrastructure around the country. It was designed and implemented under the guidance of civil engineers.
Civil engineers are trained to recognize structural design and stability. Their expertise is needed in new construction projects because it can prevent costly mistakes or damage from building collapses.
Before the Construction Begins
Civil engineers maintain structures that we depend on every day. With new construction projects, civil engineers are needed to design, build, supervise, operate, and maintain construction projects and systems in the public and private sectors.
You can find them in the office working as a consultant with building owners or on-site supervising the actual construction. Their expertise and knowledge are valuable for many reasons.
1. Site Planning
A civil engineer can offer a spectrum of services that prepare your site for construction. Before any new construction project starts, the location must be surveyed and thoroughly planned. Site planning involves creating a diagram that shows the plot of land and its property lines, along with the following:
- Landscape features
- Structural elements
- Utility poles
- Power lines
- On-site structures
Site plans are used for several important functions.
- County governments require site plans to be filed to make sure state and local building codes are followed.
- Real estate agents use site plans to show a new home’s key features, including the size and outdoor features.
- Civil engineers analyze long-range plans, survey reports, maps, and other data to plan and design projects.
Site plans are also important in accomplishing the following:
- drainage planning
- sanitary drainage planning
- erosion and sediment control
- floodway construction
- establishing grades and elevations to guide construction
2. Regulations and Environmental Hazards
Civil engineers must be good stewards of the environment and its resources. They consider construction costs, government regulations, potential environmental hazards, and other factors in planning the stages of a new construction project.
A civil engineer must perform a risk analysis for a new construction project. This information is crucial in new construction to determine the risk and uncertainty caused by natural events, accidents, and other threats. Civil engineers also inspect construction projects to ensure regulatory compliance.
3. Building Permits
Many construction projects require certain permits before building can begin and in order to add certain features. Civil engineers help compile and submit permit applications to local, state, and federal agencies to ensure that each project complies with all pertinent regulations.
4. Test Building Materials
Civil engineers test building materials, such as concrete or asphalt, for use in particular construction projects. They provide cost estimates for materials, equipment, or labor to determine a project's economic feasibility. Civil engineers devise solutions to complex construction problems even when the budget is small.
5. Safe Work Practices
Construction sites have many forms of heavy moving equipment such as forklifts, excavators, cranes, and more. Tasked with ensuring safe work practices are followed, civil engineers keep the work-site OSHA-compliant. Without the guarantee of safety, other workers on the project are at risk of accidents and injury
Civil engineers formulate a plan to ensure that work is carried out safely. Construction sites are among the most dangerous work sites. Anyone can easily slip and fall, which can be avoided by having a plan and following safe work practices.
Trusted Construction Planning Professionals
Civil engineers serve as master planners, designers, constructors, and operators of new construction projects, both public and private.
If you’re ready to move forward with your building project, Pickett, Ray, and Silver are the ones to call. We employ experienced and knowledgeable civil engineers, surveyors, and construction professionals to give you the best information and guidance to move forward with your building project.
Our team is ready to discuss environmental and infrastructure solutions to optimize the site of your project. Contact us today to make your construction project a reality and a success.